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高二英语课本基础的知识点归纳

高二学生平时要养成书写规范的习惯,对大小写、标点符号和词距等一定要一丝不苟,力求规范化、整齐美观。这样才能有高分,以下是小编给大家整理的高二英语课本基础的知识点归纳,希望能助你一臂之力!

高二英语课本基础的知识点归纳1

1. consist of = be made up of 由……组成 (没有进行时)

e.g. The UK consists of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

=Great Britain and Northern Ireland make up the UK.

2. 区别:

? separate ... from (把联合在一起或靠近的人或物分离出来)

? divide...into 把…分开 (把整体分为若干部分)

e.g. The teacher divided the class into two groups.

The Taiwan Strait separates Taiwan from Fujian.

3. debate about sth.

e.g. They debate about the proposal for three days.

debate /argue/ quarrel

4. clarify: vt./vi. (cause sth. to )become clear or easier to understand 澄清;阐明;清楚;明了

e.g. I hope what I say will clarify the situation.

Can you clarify the question?

5. be linked to = be connected to /be joined to 连接

【习惯用语】★ link A to B 将A和B连接起来

6. refer to

1)提及,指的是……

e.g. When he said “some students”, do you think he was referring to us?

2) 参考;查阅;询问

e.g. If you don't understand a word you may refer to your dictionaries.

Please refer to the last page of the book for answers.

3) 关系到;关乎

e.g. What I have to say refers to all of you.

This rule refers to everyone.

reference: n. 参考 e.g. reference books 参考书

7. to one's surprise (prep)

“to one's + 名词” 表 “令某人……”

常见的名词有 “delight, disappointment, enjoyment, astonishment 等

e.g. I discovered, to my horror, that the goods were entirely unfit for sale.

To John's great relief they reached the house at last.

8. ... found themselves united peacefully

“find +宾语+宾补( adj; adv; v-ing; pp; 介词短语;不定式)”

e.g. A cook will be immediately fired if he is found smoking in the kitchen.

You'll find him easy to get along with.

They found themselves trapped by the bush fire.

When I woke up, I found myself in hospital.

I called on him yesterday, but I found him out.

9. get sth done =have sth done 使某事被做…….

e.g. I'll just get these dishes washed and then I'll come.

get + n. + to do

get + n. + doing

You'll get her to agree.

I'll get the car going.

get done: 用于意想不到、突然或偶然发生,意为“被…….”

e.g. Be careful when you cross this very busy street.

10. break away (from sb / sth) 脱离;破除…

e.g. It is not easy for him to break away from bad habits.

The man broke away from his guards.

break down (会谈)破裂,失败;(汽车等)出故障;(人的健康状况)变得恶劣;(情感)失控

e.g. His car broke down on the way to work this morning.

His health broke down under the pressure of work.

He broke down and wept when he heard the news.

Talks between the two countries have completely broken down.

? break in 闯入;打岔

? break off 中断,折断

? break into 闯入

? break out 爆发;发生

? break up 驱散;分散,拆散

11. as well as 不仅…而且;既…又…

e.g. He is a teacher as well as a writer.

The children as well as their father were seen playing football in the street.

12. convenience: n.方便;便利(convenient: adj. )

e.g. We bought this house for its convenience.

13. attraction: (attract: v.)

1). 吸引;引力(不可数 n.) e.g. attraction of gravitation 重力

2). 吸引人的东西;喜闻乐见的东西;精彩节目(可数 n.)

He can't resist the attraction of the sea on a hot day.

A big city offers many and varied attractions.

What are the principle attractions this evening?

14. influence

1) v. 对…产生影响 e.g. What influence you to choose a career in teaching?

2)可数n. 产生影响的人或事 e.g. He is one of the good influences in the school.

3) (不可数n.) 影响 e.g. A teacher has great influence over his pupils.

高二英语课本基础的知识点归纳2

1.基础梳理

point upset ignore calm down cheat list share a series of crazy purpose dare thunder entire(~ly) trust according to power suffer recover suitcase situation disagree be concerned about walk the dog set down face to face be/get tired of get along with fall in love make a list communicate with

2.词语归纳

1)add vt/vi加;添加;增添

add up合计 加起来,但在口语中有时用于否定句,表示“莫名其妙,不说明问题”。

add up to 总计共达,所有一切都说明,总而言之。

add sth(to sth)把……加到……里去。

add to 增加,扩建。

add 表示“继续说,补充说”。

区别add和increase

add意思是“加,增加”,强调添加。或者表示将数字加起来求和。

increase“增加”,表示在数量,产量,尺寸,程度等方面的增加。

2)cheat v 欺骗;作弊 n 骗子;作弊者;骗人的事

cheat sb of sth cheat sth out of sb 从某人处欺诈某物

cheat on/at/in 作弊,欺诈

3)list v 将事物列于表上;编事物的目录 n 名单;目录;一览表

make a list of 造表,列……表

take…off the list 从表上去掉……

stand first on the list 居首位,列前茅

as listed above 如上所列

3)share

share in 分享,分担,共用

share sth with sb 和某人共用/共享某事物

share out 分配,分发;得到股息,升股息

share(n.)in/of 一分,部分

4)trust vi/vt 信任,信赖;依赖

trust in 相信,信任,信仰

trust to 依靠(运气等),依赖

trust that… 希望,想

5)suffer vt/vi 遭受,受到,蒙受;受痛苦,受折磨,受惩罚,受损伤

suffer from 受……伤害;患……病痛

注意:suffer 和 suffer from 都不能用于被动语态

6)calm vt/vi/adj. 使平静;使镇定。平静的,镇静的,沉着的。

calm down 平静下来,镇定下来

quite指人对外界事物感触的安静。对人时,侧重不激动,平静温和,不发表意见。

still指完全没有声音或者没有动静,突然静止不动。

silent主要指人不爱说话,沉默不语。

7)concern

be concerned about 担心,关心

as/so far as…be concerned 关于,至于,就某人而言

have no concern for 毫不关心

concern oneself in/with/about sth 忙于,从事;关心,关切

have a concern in 和……有厉害关系

be concerned in/with 参与,与……有关

8)separate v/adj 分开,和……分手;单独的,分开的,不同的

separate…from 使……和……分离

9)reason

lose one’s reason 失去理智,发狂

by reason of 由于

bring sb to reason 说服某人理智些

within reason 合理

without reason 不合理

listen to reason 听从道理

reason sb into/out of sth 以理说服某人做/不做某事

10)power

beyond /out of one’s power 力所不及的,不能胜任的

=not within one’s power

in power 当权的,握有政权的

come into power掌权,得势

11)habit

form / make a habit of doing=make it a habit to do sth 养成做某事的习惯

be in the habit of 有……的习惯

fall/get into a habit of 沾染(养成)……习惯

break(off)a habit=get out a habit 戒除一种习惯

form good habits 养成良好的习

out of habit 出于习惯

12)according to为介词短语,后跟名词,代词,不能很从句,表示“根据;按照;试……而定”。

according to其后引出的信息应来自别人或者别处,不能来自说话者自己。

according to其后不能跟opinion,view等名词。

according as 相当于连词,后跟从句,意为“正像,根据,按照,如果”。

13)join in

区别join;join in;take part in;attend

join 参加某个组织或者团体(党派,军队等),并且成为其中的一员。

join in 参加正在进行着的活动,如游戏,讨论,辩论,谈话等。

take part in 参加会议或者群众性的活动,并且在其中法会一定的作用。

attend 参加会议、仪式、婚礼、葬礼、上课、上学、听报告等。重在强调“参与”的动作,不强调参加者的作用。

14)dare

作实意动词有人称和数的变化,也有时态的变化;作情态动词,用于否定句,疑问句和条件句中,有时态的变化,但是没有人称和数的变化。

①在肯定据中的dare,dares,dared之后,不定式一遍加to。

②在否定句中和疑问句中的dare之后,不定时一般不加to。

③在用do或者does构成的否定句和疑问句中,理论上虽然应该有to,实际使用却经常把to省略。

I dare say…我敢打赌说……

15)go through 经历;经受;通过考试;经过;审阅;检查

go with 伴随,与……协调 go up 上升;建起;上涨 go over检查,审查;复习,重温

go out 熄灭;公布;播出 go ahead 进行,进展;(with)赞同 go into从事,参加(某一行业);调查

16)get along with 同……相处;进展

get away 离开;逃避 get back 回来;拿回 get down 拿下;写下 get in 进入;收获

get down to 开始认真做…… get on/off 上/下车 get over 克服;战胜 get across 被理解

get through 完成;通过;接通电话 get up 起床 get it 明白,理解;猜中

17)with复合结构,也可以叫做独立主格结构,在格式上没有谓语动词,在句中常作状语,表示伴随,原因,方式,条件等。

①with+名词+介词短语。在句中作状语,作后置定语。

②with+名词/代词+过去分词。其中过去分词表示被动或者完成了的动作。

③with+名词/代词+现在分词。其中现在分词表示主动或者正在进行的动作。

④with+名词/代词+不定式。其中不定式表示将要发生的动作。

⑤with+名词/代词+形容词。

18)no longer=not…any longer 表示不再继续或者再现过去某一时刻发生或存在而一直延续的动作/状态时,常用于过去时、现在时或者将来时的句子中。

no more=not…any more 表示再也不重复过去反复发生的动作时,常用于过去时或者将来时的句子中。

When he saw the toy,the baby cried no longer.当看到玩具时,那婴儿不再哭了。

Now she wasn’t afraid any more..现在她再也不害怕了。

19)①settle down to 决心去做……,专心去做…… settle on/upon 决定……,选定……

②have trouble with 使伤脑筋,苦恼;跟某人闹别扭

ask for trouble 自讨苦吃 be in trouble 在困境中,有纠纷 get sb into trouble 陷入困境

make trouble 惹麻烦 put sb to trouble 麻烦某人 take the trouble to do 费力做

3.语法

直接引语变为间接引语(注意:变化时句子一定为陈述句语序。)

人称的变化

①直接引语中主语第一人称或者被第一人称所修饰,人称要与“讲话人”的人称一致。

②直接引语的第二人称,或者被第二人称所修饰,人称要与“听话人”的人称一致。

③直接引语中的第三人称不变化。

“一随主,二随宾,第三人称不更改”。

二、时态的变化

直接引语——间接引语

一般现在时——一般过去时

一般过去时——过去完成时

现在进行时——过去进行时

现在完成时——过去完成时

过去完成时——过去完成时

一般将来时——过去将来时

时态不变化的情况:

①直接引语是客观真理。

②直接引语是过去进行时,时态不变。

③直接引语中有具体的过去某年、某月、某日作状语,变为间接引语时,时态不变。

④直接引语如果是一般现在时。表示一种反复出现或习惯性的动作,变间接引语,时态不变。⑤如果直接引语中的情态动词没有过去时的形式(例:ought to, had better, used to)和已经是过去时的形式时,(例:could, should, would, might)不再变。

高二英语课本基础的知识点归纳3

重点短语

1. defend against保卫…以免受

2.intruduce sb tosb 向某人介绍某人

3.kiss sb on somepart亲吻某人的某个部位

4.in defence 防御,保障

5.together with 与某人一起

6.be likely to 很可能…;有希望…

7.reach one’s hand out to sth 把手伸出来取某物

8.on the contrary 相反

9.nod at sb 向某人点头

10.greet sbwith/by 通过…向某人问候

11.express one’s feelings表达某人的感情

12. in general 总的来说;通常

13.at a job fair 在求职会上

14.be nervousabout 对…感到紧张

15. at ease 舒适;快活;自由自在

16. lose face丢脸

17.turn one’s back to 背对;背弃

18.turn one’s head away 把头转过去

19.be willing to 渴望…. , 愿意….

20. look upsetabout sth 对.. 感到沮丧

重点句型

1. I saw several young people enter thewaiting area looking around curiously.

我看见几个年轻人走进了等候区,好奇地向四周张望。

2. The firstperson to arrive was Tony Garcia from Colombia, closely followed by Julia Smithfrom Britain.第一个到达的是从哥伦比亚来的托尼?加西亚,随后紧跟着的是英国的茱莉亚?史密斯。

3. She steppedback appearing surprised and put up her hands, as if in defense.

她后退了几步,看上去有些吃惊,并举起了手,好像是在自卫。

4. Not allcultures greet each other the same way, Nor are they comfortable in the sameway with

touching ordistance between people.

各种文化背景下的人互致问候的方式不尽相同,身体接触和相互间距的程度也不尽相同。

5. We can often bewrong about each other, so it is an amazing thing that we understand each otheras well as we do.

高二英语课本基础的知识点归纳3

一.重点词汇

1.preference n.偏爱;优先eg:Wine or beer?which is your preference?要葡萄酒还是啤酒?你比较喜欢哪一样?

I have a preference for French films.我更喜欢法国电影。

相关链接:prefer吨更喜欢preferable adj.更好一些(和to连用) preferably ado.是用法拓展.have a preference for偏爱…… show/gire(a)preference for偏爱……

have a preference of sth.to/over,..宁要某物而不要另一物

in preference to优先于……;喜爱甚于……特别提醒;prefer是preference的动词形式,其搭配为:

prefer sth./doing sth.to sth./doing sth.喜欢……而不喜欢

prefer to do…rather than do…宁愿干……而不愿干……

2.design v&n.设计;打算给……用 eg:

He is designing a house f6r his frl’end.他正给他的朋友设计房子。

The road was not designed for heavy lrucks.这公路不是为重型卡车设计的。

用法拓展:design…f0 r…为某人设计…… .

be dem。gned for/to do…目的是……,打算给……用 一

by design故意地 have designs on/against…对……别有用心特别提醒:design当“目的是……;打算给……用”讲时,多用于被动结构。

3.belong vi.属于;是……成员 eg:She belongs to this school.她是这个学校的成员。 China belongs to the third world.中国属于第三世界。

相关键接;belongings n.(复)所有物,财产用法拓展:belong to sb.属于某人的特别提醒:

(1)belong to后面接名词的普通格.不接所有格:后接代词时用宾格,不用名词性物主代词。

(2)beIong to没有被动语态,不用于进行时态。

4.impress vt.铭刻,给……极深印象;使感动eg: What impressed me is the beauty of the scenery there.使我印象深刻的是那儿美丽的风景。 The book tmpressed a lot of people.那本书在很多人心中留下深刻印象。 My father impressed on me the importaflce of work.父亲要我铭记工作的重要性。

相关链接:impression n.印象,感觉impressive adj.给人留下深刻印象的用法拓展:impress sth.on sth.在……上印……tmpress sth.with sth.用……印…

be impressed by/at/with被深深打动 be impressed on曲.使某人铭记… make a…impression on…对……留下…印象

5.despitpe prep.不管,不顾;任凭eg:

He came to the meeting despite his serious illness.

他木顾重病还是来出席了会议。

He is very active despite his age.他年纪虽大.却很活跃。

用法拓展:despile=in spite of尽管though(althougll)尽管.虽然特别提醒:①despitein spite of但比in spite of更正式。②despite(in spite of) 是介词.后接名词(动名词.代词)而though、although是连词.连接句子。

③as con).引导一个让步状语从句.句子须部分倒装。④whik conj“尽管”引导一个让步状语从句。

6.taste vt尝……味道 vi.尝起来.吃起来 n情趣。鉴赏力eg;

can you taste anything strange in this soup?你尝得出这汤有什么怪味吗?

The soup tastes delicious.这汤很可口。

The girl has a taste for music.这女孩对音乐感兴趣。

相关链接:tasty adj.美味的,可口的 a tasty meaI一顿美餐用法拓展:have a taste for对……喜欢 to one's taste按口味.合口味特别提醒;taste作系动词用后面须接形容词作表语;无被动语态和进行时态。

二、重点短语

7.fill up with用……装满 eg:

Birds fill up the spaces between the branehes of their nests with soft materials.

鸟用柔软的材料填满鸟巢之间的空间。

相关链接:fuIl“adj.充满的用法拓展:fill…with…用……装满……一be filled with be fuIl of装满……fill in…填入.填空

特别提醒:be filled with用……装满.be fuIl of装满……,这两个短语中特别注意介词,不要用混。

8.set.一aside把……置于一旁.留出,拨出 eg:

Ive set aside some money for this journey.我为这趟旅行存了一些钱。

Let's set aslde our personal feelings.我们先暂时抛开个人情感。

用法拓展:put aside节省(钱,时间).储存……备用

step aslde避开.退让.站到一边take aside把……叫到一边

三、重点交际用语

9.I can't stand.”我不能忍受……eg:she can't startd the pam.她无法忍受那种痛苦。

we can't stand being made fun of.我们无法忍受被别人嘲弄。

用法拓展:can't stand+n /pron 不能忍受……can't stand+doing不能忍受……特别提醒:stand当”承受.忍受”讲.通常用于否定句和疑问句,不可用于进行时,后接名词、代词或动名词。

四、重点句型

10.with+0+0C with的复合结构 eg:

with the door open he sIept Iast m’ght.昨天晚上他开着门睡觉。

With the boy leadmg the way.we had no difficulty finding his house.

有孩子带路.我们没费事就找到了他的家。

用法拓展:with+宾语+形容词 with+宾语十副词with+宾语一介词短语with十宾语+现在分词 with十宾语+过去分词 with十宾语+不定式

特别提醒:with后面的宾语和宾补之间若是主动关系,用doing或to do;若是被动关系.则用done。

五、词语辨析

11.create,make.produce,invent四个词都含有“创造”的意思

(1)create指“有目的地把原材料制成新产品”;也指“创造出原来不存在或与众不同的事物”。 eg:

We've created a new building out of an old ruin.我们从旧废墟上创建了一幢新楼。

(2)invent指“通过想像,研究,劳动,创造出前所未有的东西”,尤指“科技上的发明创造”。 eg:

Edison invented the light bulb.爱迪生发明了电灯泡。

(3)make是最常用词,指“用劳动创造、生产、形成或组成”某事物。 eg:

AIl kinds of machine tools are made in this factory.这家工厂制造各种机床。

(4)produce指“通过劳动加工而生产产品”,尤指“工农业产品”。 eg:

We must produce more food for ourselves and import less.我们必须增产食品,减少进口。


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